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What is Pre-emergent Fertilizer? standard

Growing spine-like tiers, flat blades and branches reaching out as far as they can; nobody likes crabgrass in their lawn. It’s a pesky summer weed that germinates in late spring or early summer and never seems to go away. However, with the right pre-emergent fertilizer application at the right time, the germination of this and other unsightly weeds will be dramatically reduced. Pre-emergent alone is not a fertilizer; it is an herbicide which helps to prevent weed seeds from germinating by blocking an essential enzyme. It does not necessarily stop the germination process, but does prevent the weed from breaking through its barrier and emerging in the lawn. This herbicide needs a substance to bind with for the application process. ...

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The 150 Rule standard

The 150 rule is used by many homeowners and lawn care companies to help properly care for lawns. Depending on who you ask, the 150 rule can have a couple of different meanings. Summer Months & Diseases For cool season grasses, the 150 rule is used in the summer to determine when a lawn is more susceptible to disease. This calculation is also important when using products on your lawn such as herbicides (weed controls) as they can be more damaging to the lawn. The calculation of the 150 rule during the summer months is quite simple. Add the air temperature and the humidity together. If the total is at or above 150, the lawn is considered to be in ...

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Applying fertilizer in the summer standard

There are four questions to ask before applying fertilizer in the summer months. What is the climate of this area? What type of grass the lawn is? What type of fertilizer is being used? What are the expectations of how the lawn should look? Climate Every area of the country has a different type of climate. In Illinois, we have very hot, humid and dry summers but also have very cold and sometimes snowy winters and temperatures that fluctuate from day to day. This climate takes a toll on the grass and can make it difficult to grow if not the proper type for this area. In Illinois, a cool-season grass is the most common such as fescue. Grass Type ...

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Phosphorus ban in fertilizers standard

Phosphorus is needed by all plants. It is an important component in photosynthesis; however, high levels of any nutrient are dangerous to the environment. The phosphorus ban in fertilizers was initiated in the Great Lake states of Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan. Since the ban was placed and research done, states have been noticing a decrease of phosphorus in the water supplies.  In July of 2010, Illinois passed a law 415 ILCS 65/5a banning the use of phosphorous in fertilizer. Damage When water runoff or product runoff filter into the water systems it can contribute to the growth of algae and often times toxic algae. This runoff occurs from watering product into the soil, product beings spilled or product being washed ...

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Fertilizer N-P-K Rating standard

A bag of fertilizer is coded with the ratings of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) that is contains, typically written in like 15-03-05 depending on how much of each macro-nutrient that specific bag contains. Each of these macro-nutrients is necessary for proper plant growth and this ratio is extremely important as it will tell how much of the product to put down based on the lawn size. Nitrogen (N) This is by far considered the most important number when looking at the ratio. Nitrogen is good for that green color that everyone wants for their lawn as it promotes the growth of the leaves and part of chlorophyll, which is the green pigment of the plant responsible for ...

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Milorganite Fertilizer standard

Milorganite is one of the oldest fertilizer brands, produced by the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewage District. This district runs one of the largest recycling centers by collecting water from the Milwaukee Metropolitan area and treating it with microbes. These microbes digest any nutrients found within the water, then die. This allows the now clean water to be returned to Lake Michigan. Additives are then added to clump the dead microbes. These clumps are then dried under extreme temperatures of 900-1200 degrees (which kills anything that may still be living). Milorganite is then tested numerous times before being packaged and shipped out across the nation. How it works Milorganite adds organic matter to the soil which is essential for all plant life. ...

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Liquid or Granular Fertilizer standard

Whether choosing liquid or granular fertilizer treatments, there are benefits and disadvantages to both. Application methods and timing are a few things to consider in addition to the cost of the product itself. Benefits An instant absorption of liquid fertilizer allows for a quick green up. Also, a liquid fertilizer can reduce the amount of watering required for the lawn because it mixed with and applied with water. Granular fertilizer must be watered in within 14 days after it is applied by irrigation or natural rainfall Slow and fast release fertilizers are crucial to a lawn throughout the year, which is easily obtainable with a granular fertilizer. A granular fertilizer lays on the soil and once watered in, is broken ...

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Applying fertilizer to a lawn standard

How much fertilizer should be applied to the lawn? When should fertilizer be applied? Many questions arise when it comes to fertilizing a lawn to be sure it is done correctly. Too much can be harmful yet too little can be ineffective. How Much The amount of fertilizer needed for the lawn is based on lawn size and the amount of nitrogen needed throughout the year. In Illinois, where fescue is more commonly used, the recommended nitrogen rate is 3 to 4 pounds per 1,000 square feet over an entire year. The nitrogen (N) value within a bag of fertilizer will be listed on the bag as part of the NPK value and the rate to apply will be based ...

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Topdressing standard

The fall season is considered to be the best time of the year to renovate a lawn. Aeration, seeding and topdressing are the most beneficial services that can be done to a lawn during the fall months. Topdressing has been a common practice on golf courses and sports fields for many years for the purpose of creating a smooth and level surface along with the soil building organic benefits. Turf managers commonly used compost/sand mixes for this purpose and topdressing has only become popular on home lawns in recent years. Compost a popular type of topdressing is formed during the process of controlled decomposition of organic matter which has become stabilized. Compost has the ability to improve the physical characteristics ...

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Ornamental Trees and Shrubs standard

Ornamental trees and shrubs as well as landscape plants will add beauty and value to a home. Our program for ornamental trees and shrubs consisting of applications of insecticides and fungicides will protect your investment from damaging insects and diseases. Below is a detailed explanation of our insecticide program for ornamental trees and shrubs. Please note that the chemical classes or mode of action of how an insecticide works is rotated each treatment to prevent insect resistance with the products used, maximizing results. Treatment #1 Target Date: Mid March – Early April Product: Dormant Oil Purpose: During the winter month’s insect pests such as aphids, mites and scale nest in landscape plants. Coating the plant with an application of dormant ...

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